Factors When Choosing a Flat Screen TV

Technology is and always has been a constantly changing and forward-moving industry. With the advances in home theater equipment, new challenges arise for consumers who are interested in owning the “latest and greatest” units and the accompanying gadgets. For example, 3D technology has recently become available to the general public. While it tends to be a bit pricey and has definite limitations, it is rapidly gaining in popularity. In the near future, our children will no doubt consider today’s innovations to be “so last year,” as they say. Just think how far television has advanced in your lifetime or your parents’ lifetimes.

Flat Screen TV'sThere is no question as to the best type of television available now. The industry has pushed consumers to make the switch from tube TVs to HDTVs in the recent past, and with good reason. High definition televisions produce a sharper picture and are compatible with the digital electronics used in modern media. However, because of techno-factors, the task of choosing a flat screen is daunting to many consumers. The acronyms can be confusing and one can get lost in the array of possible options.

Screen Types

  • LCD – Liquid crystal is compressed between two panels of glass, backlit by a fluorescent lamp. An electrical charge is applied to the crystal to produce the images on the screen.
  • LED – This is another version of the LCD screen. Instead of a fluorescent lamp, this LCD screen uses smaller, more efficient LEDs (or light emitting diodes) located behind the screen to create a more precise picture.
  • Plasma – Plasma screens use a small sheet of plasma cells through which an electrical charge is sent to create the picture.


The overall picture quality is one of the deciding factors for most consumers. There are pros and cons to each type. For instance, the picture on a plasma screen can be easily viewed from various angles. These tend to perform better in a dimly lit room. In contrast, LCD flat screens are more effective in brighter rooms and lose some of their definition when the viewer moves around the room. Further, LED-backlit models produce a clearer image than does a fluorescent-backlit one. Again, these factors can change with the production of each new model as manufacturers implement new technologies.

Contrast Ratio

This factor simply refers to your television’s ability to show a range of brightness values, from the darkest darks to the brightest whites. The higher the ratio, the better the contrast display, and the better you will be able to distinguish figures and images in dark or bright scenes. Plasma units are currently leading in this area.

Other factors to consider include longevity, cost, and power consumption. In order to make an informed decision, it is a good idea to research these and other basic features of flat panels so that you will be able to choose the best flat screen to fit your needs, your preferences, and your budget.

Steve is from Houston where he works at a home theater showroom. During his free time he enjoys writing about the latest technology for projectors, receivers, and home theater surround sound systems.